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Construcción de Instrumentos de Evaluación - mayo

Público·5 miembros
Nikifor Solovyov
Nikifor Solovyov

Dota 2: The Ultimate Guide to Mastering the Most Popular MOBA Game

Dota is a series of strategy video games. The series began in 2003 with the release of Defense of the Ancients (DotA), a fan-developed multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) mod for the video game Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos and its expansion, The Frozen Throne. The original mod features gameplay centered around two teams of up to five players who assume control of individual characters called "heroes", which must coordinate to destroy the enemy's central base structure called an "Ancient", to win the game. Ownership and development of DotA were passed on multiple times since its initial release until Valve hired the mod's lead designer IceFrog and after an ongoing legal dispute with Blizzard Entertainment, the developer of Warcraft III, brokered a deal that allowed for Valve to inherit the trademark to the Dota name.

dota game

The first standalone installment in the series, Dota 2, was released by Valve in July 2013. A sequel to DotA, the game retains the same gameplay elements as its predecessor, while introducing new support and mechanics, as well as a setting separate from the Warcraft universe. Artifact, a digital collectible card game with mechanics inspired by Dota 2, was released in 2018. Dota Underlords, an auto battler based on the community-created Dota 2 mod Dota Auto Chess, was released in 2020.

The original DotA mod is considered one of the most popular mods of all time, with tens of millions of players and a consistent presence at esports tournaments throughout the 2000s. DotA is considered a catalyst for the MOBA genre, inspiring developers to create other games similar to it. Likewise, Dota 2 is cited as one of the greatest video games of all time, with an esports presence hallmarked by record-breaking prize pools that culminate in the annual championship known as The International. The spinoff games by Valve have been positively received, although Artifact was considered a failure as a large majority of its initial player base was lost within weeks with Valve stopping development on it shortly after its release.

The Dota series includes four games that are centered around competitive, online multiplayer gameplay. The original mod, Defense of the Ancients, is a community-created Warcraft III game mode developed with the Warcraft III World Editor that was first released in 2003.[1] The franchise name, "Dota", is derived from the original mod's acronym, DotA.[2] Dota 2, its standalone installment, was released as a free-to-play sequel in July 2013.[3] The first spin-off, a digital collectible card game called Artifact, was released in November 2018.[4] The second spin-off, an auto battler called Dota Underlords, was released in February 2020.[5]

The main installments in the series are multiplayer online battle arena games, where the player assumes control over a single character - a "hero" - from a large roster of characters and coordinates with their teammates to destroy their opponents' large structure called an Ancient, while defending their own.[6] Unlike the original mod, which is largely derived from the setting of the Warcraft series, the standalone games share their own continuity.[2] Likewise, the standalone games utilize the Source game engine and Steam distribution platform - both developed by Valve.[7]

The installment which established the Dota intellectual property was the Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos custom mod Defense of the Ancients (DotA). Independently developed and released by the pseudonymous designer Eul in 2003, it was inspired by Aeon of Strife, a multiplayer StarCraft map.[8] Before every DotA match, up to ten players are organized into two teams called the Scourge and the Sentinel - inspired by the factions from Warcraft lore - with the former in the northeast corner and the latter in the southwest corner of a nearly-symmetrical map. Using one of several game modes, the players each choose a single powerful unit called a "hero", who they are granted control of throughout the match. Heroes maintain special tactical advantages, in the way of their statistics, attack, and damage types, as well as abilities that can be learned and enhanced through leveling up from combat. Team coordination and roster composition are considered crucial for a successful match.[9] The currency of the game is gold, which may be used for purchasing items that may enhance a hero's statistics and provide special abilities. Gold is awarded to players for destroying enemies and in increments on a rolling basis, while also being deducted for the death of one's hero.[10] Heroes battle alongside weaker computer-controlled infantry units periodically dispatched in waves, who traverse three paths called "lanes", which connect the Scourge and Sentinel bases.[11][12] Each lane is lined with defensive towers, which are not only more powerful the closer they are to their respective bases, but invulnerable until their predecessors are destroyed. At the center of each base is a central structure called an "Ancient", which is either the World Tree for the Sentinel or the Frozen Throne for the Scourge. To win a match, the enemy's Ancient must be destroyed.[12]

An early goal of the Dota 2 team was the adaptation of Defense of the Ancients's aesthetic style for the Source engine.[17] The Radiant and Dire factions replaced the Sentinel and Scourge from the mod, respectively. Character names, abilities, items, and map design from the mod were largely retained, with some changes due to trademarks owned by Blizzard. In the first Q&A session regarding Dota 2, IceFrog explained that the game would build upon the mod without making significant changes to its core.[15] Valve contracted major contributors from the Defense of the Ancients community, including Eul and artist Kendrick Lim, to assist with the sequel.[23] Following nearly two years of beta testing, Dota 2 was officially released on Steam for Windows on July 9, 2013, and for OS X and Linux on July 18, 2013.[24][25][26] The game did not launch with every hero from Defense of the Ancients. Instead, the missing ones were added in various post-release updates, with the final one, as well as the first Dota 2 original hero, being added in 2016.[27][28] Since its release, Dota 2 has been cited as one of the greatest video games of all time.[29][30][31][32] It is also the most lucrative esports game of all time, earning teams and players a total of over US$100 million by June 2017.[33]

Artifact is a digital collectible card game based on Dota 2, developed and published by Valve. The game focuses on online player versus player battles across three boards called lanes. Development of it began in late 2014, with lead designer Richard Garfield being brought in to help make a digital card game due to his experience with creating the Magic: The Gathering franchise.[34][35] The game was then announced via a teaser trailer played at The International 2017, a large Dota 2-specific esports tournament organized by Valve.[36] Artifact was released for Windows, macOS, and Linux in November 2018, with versions planned for Android and iOS.[37] While its gameplay and drafting mechanics received praise, it was criticized for its high learning curve and monetization model, which some likened to being pay-to-win.[38][39] The game saw a 95% decline in players within two months of its release, and had fewer than 100 concurrent players by mid 2019.[40]

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Dota Underlords is a free-to-play auto battler, a type of chess-like competitive multiplayer strategy video game, developed and published by Valve. The game is based on a Dota 2 community-created game mode called Dota Auto Chess, with journalists noting the parallel modding origins that DotA had from Warcraft III.[41] It was released in early access in June 2019 for Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, and Linux, with it planned to be officially released in February 2020.[42][5] One of the many auto battler games that released following the popularity of Dota Auto Chess, critics considered it one of the easiest to get into for newer players of the genre.[43] In Dota Underlords, where players place characters, known as heroes, on an 8x8 grid-shaped battlefield. After a preparation phase, a team's heroes then automatically fight the opposing team without any further direct input from the player.[43] A match features up to eight players online who take turns playing against each other in a one-on-one format, with the winner being the final player standing after eliminating all of the opposing players.[44]

It should be no secret that Spirit Breaker is currently on a rampage through pubs. With 52% win rate in all brackets and 54% in Divine+ games, Barathrum is definitely a hero to spam, especially given how fun and effortless his victories are. Today we are going to talk about some unexpected tricks better Spirit Breaker players utilize in their matches.

Juggernaut is not a good hero in this patch. He is currently sitting at below 45% winrate in Divine+ games and feels completely out of place in the current meta. Despite that, some players are finding good success with the hero, opting for a greedier late-game oriented build. Today we are going to analyse this approach, while also discussing why exactly Juggernaut is so weak right now.

It is worth noting that if a player disconnects and does not return, the rest will be free to leave the game. However, the player that disconnected and did not return will be penalized for leaving the game in the following ways:

Besides technical issues or disconnections, players are advised to avoid pausing the game during critical moments. For instance, pausing during a gank to alert an ally or pausing to tilt the opposing team during a team fight is frowned upon.

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